Observatorio de Cuxpala

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INFRAESTRUCTURA

EDIFICIO

El observatorio Severo Díaz Galindo o “Cuxpala”, se encuentra a cargo del Instituto de Astronomía y Meteorología de la Universidad de Guadalajara. Es un área que se ha destinado a la investigación y que se ubica en las cercanías del pueblo de Cuxpala en el Estado de Jalisco a tan solo unos 40 minutos de la Zona Metropolitana de Guadalajara, por lo que sufre de moderada contaminación lumínica.

Aunque sus inicios se remontan a la década de los 80s, fue inaugurado ante la presencia del Rector General de la Universidad de Guadalajara en abril 2003.

Cabe destacar que el Observatorio se destina en ocasiones para eventos públicos y para impartir algunas clases observacionales de nivel licenciatura, usando los telescopios Schmidt-Cassegrain, muy populares con los alumnos de la Licenciatura en Física.

El Observatorio de Cuxpala lo alberga un edificio de tres pisos, que incluye dormitorios, salón de clase y una pequeña cocina. En el piso superior donde se encuentra la cúpula, es donde se resguarda el telescopio principal.

TELESCOPIOS

Al día de hoy, el Observatorio cuenta con:

El principal, del tipo Ritchey-Chrétien con espejo de 62 cm f/14 y montura ecuatorial, el cual se encuentra fijo y de forma permanente en el edificio

Además, en las instalaciones del IAM, se cuenta con 5 instrumentos más:

2 telescopios Meade automatizados de 8 y 12 pulgadas ambos f/10 de tipo Schmidt-Cassegrain.

1 telescopio tipo Cassegrain de 12 pulgadas f/14 con montura ecuatorial.

1 telescopio refractor de 4 pulgadas f/15 marca Polarex en montura alt-acimut.

1 precioso telescopio refractor de fabricación inglesa de 5 pulgadas, siendo ahora una pieza de colección que actualmente esta montado de forma permanente en el edificio con cúpula del IAM.

INSTRUMENTOS

Actualmente se cuenta con una variedad de instrumentos para la observación y la investigación. Existen diversas cámaras y entre ellas se encuentra la ST-6 de Santa Barbara Instruments Group (SBIG), que es una cámara CCD que cuenta con el chip Texas Instrument TC241 cuyas dimensiones son 8.6 x 6.5 mm. Este CCD contiene 375 x 242 píxeles de 23 x 27 micras y es enfriado termoeléctricamente.

Esta cámara posee una rueda de filtros CFW6A de SBIG de 6 posiciones, que en combinación con la cámara permite hacer imágenes RGB.

Por sus características, esta es una cámara ideal para la observación planetaria y lunar.

También, se cuenta con la cámara SBIG ST-8XME, que tiene un CCD de Kodak KAF-1603ME de 1530 x 1020 píxeles de 9 micras (1.5 Mpx). Esta cámara posee también una rueda de filtros CFW9 de 5 posiciones para filtros de tamaño 1.25”.

Los filtros disponibles para las cámaras ST-6 y ST-8XME son marca SBIG, LRGB de 1.25”.

Por último, otro de los instrumentos es un espectrógrafo SBIG modelo SGS que se usa en conjunto con la cámara SBIG ST-8XME.